Genocide of Rohingyas in Burma (Myanmar) appears to be almost complete

Genocide of Rohingyas in Burma (Myanmar) appears to be almost complete

by John J. Xenakis  –  27-Aug-18 World View

6,000 acres of Bangladesh land, valued at $86.67 million, have been deforested to accommodate the hundreds of thousands of Rohingya refugees. (United News of Bangladesh)

If a government wants to commit genocide and ethnic cleansing against an ethnic or religious population, then the old ways that our grandfathers’ generations used are no longer practical. Sending people to concentration camps and setting up an elaborate extermination system is way too expensive these days. And starving an entire population, as Stalin did to the Ukrainians in the 1930s and Mao did to the Chinese in the Great Leap Forward, could not be kept hidden from the global media, as it was in those days.

Today’s generations of genocidal leaders have new, modern ways for a government to commit genocide now, and we’ve seen them practiced in Syria, Chechnya, Cameroon, and elsewhere. The basic technique is to make up some excuse to selectively target members of the group to be exterminated with bombs, missiles, jailings, rape, torture and slaughter, saying that the people being targeted are ordinary criminals. Then when activists in the target group do something in retaliation, then the government can declare the entire target ethnic group to be terrorists, including women and children, and use massive force to kill as many of them as possible, and force the rest to flee to other countries.

These new techniques appear to be spectacularly successful in Myanmar (Burma).

 Since 2011, Burma’s mostly Buddhist security forces have been committing mass atrocities on mostly Muslim ethnic Rohingyas living in Rakhine State, in what the United Nations says is “a textbook example of ethnic cleansing, and which some Western governments are calling genocide. The atrocities by Buddhist security forces include gang rape, violent torture, execution-style killings and the razing of entire villages, in a scorched earth campaign.

In August of last year, the Buddhist security forces got the excuse that they wanted, when a group of activists calling themselves the Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army (ARSA) and armed with machetes killed several Burmese security forces in attacks against 30 Burmese police outputs. Using this attack as an excuse, the Burmese army began conducting massive slaughter and atrocities against the Rohingyas, causing hundreds of thousands to flee across the border into Bangladesh.

Today, there are about 700,000 Rohingyas living in refugee camps in Bangladesh — the world’s largest population of stateless people, not citizens of Burma, not citizens of Bangladesh.

The Buddhist army in Burma burned down Rohingya villages as part of the atrocities, and after the population left, the army bulldozed the villages. This was a purposeful act to make it impossible for the Rohingyas to return. So, you have these farcical situations where Burmese authorities claim that the Rohingyas burned down their own villages, or even bulldozed them.

However, in September of last year, BBC reporter Jonathan Head was on a trip through Rakhine state sponsored by Burma’s government. The reporters were closely monitored by Burmese minders, but he happened to see smoke rising through the trees and was able to escape his minder and arrive at the village. He actually interviewed the Buddhists who were burning down the village, who said that they were helped by the Burmese police. He was able to see one house after another go up in flames, as the Buddhists burned them down.

It was really a pathetic sight. And yet we hear from Burmese officials that the Rohingyas burned down their own villages, and mainstream media reports dutifully report this as if it were some kind of reality. That’s how far the farce of fake news has gone today.

Aung San Suu Kyi, the Nobel prize winner, has played an important role, a kind of 21st century Hitler. She sweetly tells reporters, “Oh, it’s not so bad” or “No that’s wrong, it isn’t ethnic cleansing,” and so Adolf Aung San Suu Kyi Hitler is just part of the genocide farce. She previously spent several decades under arrest by the army, but today it seems that the reason they let her go is because she promised to support the genocide.

Bangladesh and the international community are demanding that the Rohingyas be permitted to return to their homes in Burma. But of course that’s impossible, since the homes have been burned down and bulldozed. In fact, Human Rights Watch has been interviewing Rohingyas who are newly arrived in Bangladesh. They report that the Buddhist security forces in Burma are still raping, torturing, mutilating, and killing Rohingyas.

So, the Burmese genocide and ethnic cleansing has been wildly successful. They “cleansed” the area of hundreds of thousands of Rohingyas, who will no longer be around to ignore them. It’s the modern way of doing things, and the results speak for themselves. Reuters and United News of Bangladesh and Dhaka Tribune and Economist

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Syria, Cameroon, Sudan Darfur genocides follow the same pattern

Over the past few years, we’ve reported Generational Dynamics analyses of countries following exactly the same kind of pattern. The government targets an ethnic or religious population with rape, torture, jailings or other violence, in order to provoke some kind of violent reponse, even an extremely minor one. Once that happens, the government declares the entire population to be terrorists, and launches full scale genocide and ethnic cleansing.

After peaceful protests began in Syria in 2011, the country’s president Bashar al-Assad launched air attacks on women and children in schools and markets. Once there was a violent reaction, al-Assad could do what he wanted. He began by massacring thousands of innocent women and children in a Palestinian refugee camp in Latakia in August 2011.

He used missiles and barrel bombs, including Sarin gas and chlorine gas, to kill his hated Sunni enemies, and to destroy their homes, markets, hospitals and schools. In 2015, Russia’s president Vladimir Putin joined in with his “Grozny strategy,” where warplanes attack hospitals, schools and markets with the objective of creating millions of refugees, who can then be attacked while they’re out in the open. Between the two of them, al-Assad and Putin have destroyed and flattened villages and cities, and has forced millions of innocent Syrian civilians to flee the violence into Lebanon, Jordan, Iraq, Turkey and Europe. There are six million internally displaced refugees in Syria, and five million that have fled to other countries, with 3.5 million in Turkey, almost one million in Lebanon, another million in Iraq and Jordan, and over a million in Europe.

Then, to complete the ethnic cleansing, al-Assad in April passed “Law #10,” which requires anyone wishing to return to Syria to provide paperwork immediately proving ownership of his or her property. The obvious intent is to make it impossible for these millions of people to return to their homes.

In Cameroon, the Francophone (French-speaking) government has used extremely repressive measures to marginalize the Anglophone (English-speaking) population in the region known as the Southern Cameroons. These government atrocities began in November 2016, when the Francophone (French-speaking) Cameroon government security forces began beating and killing peaceful anti-government demonstrators in the South Cameroons, the Anglophone (English-speaking) regions of Cameroon. The demonstrators were protesting systematic bias, discrimination and marginalization towards Anglophones by the Francophone government.

The government got what it wanted in November 2016, when Anglophone Cameroonians began peaceful protests. The Francophone security forces began violently attacking Anglophone protesters. In September of last year, activist separatists began using small bombs to target local security forces.

The government announced that “President Paul Biya has declared war on these terrorists who seek secession.” In the increasingly violent Francophone government crackdown that followed, hundreds of people were arrested, and helicopter gunships were used to fire on innocent civilians and kill them. At least 5,000 people have fled across the border to neighboring Nigeria to escape the violence.

Back in 2006, I wrote a generational analysis of the genocide in Darfur, Sudan, following the statement by UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon, that the Darfur genocide was caused by global warming, and therefore by America and Europe.

That fatuous reasoning led me to write an extensive generational analysis of what happened in Darfur, starting in the 1970s and continuing forward. That analysis is still correct, but I now realize that a part of it is in exactly the same pattern we’ve been talking about in Burma, Syria and Cameroon.

In April 2002, a Darfurian farmer complained to the local authorities that they were being harassed by a local herder militia group. Instead of listening, the farmers were jailed. This had the effect desired by Sudan’s government. The farmers were infuriated, activists attacked a police station. The response from Sudan’s government was to unleash the Janjaweed militias for a full-scale genocide of the Darfurians.

 (Comments: For reader comments, questions and discussion, see the 27-Aug-18 World View — Genocide of Rohingyas in Burma (Myanmar) appears to be almost complete thread of the Generational Dynamics forum. Comments may be posted anonymously.) (27-Aug-2018) Permanent Link


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Bangladesh to relocate 25,000 Rohingyas in first batch to Bhasanchar

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Bangladesh to relocate 25,000 Rohingyas in first batch to Bhasanchar

Senior Correspondent,
Published: 2018-10-11 17:16:33.0 BdST Updated: 2018-10-11 17:16:33.0 BdST

The Bhasanchar island is ready to accommodate at least 25,000 Rohingya people from refugee camps in southeastern Bangladesh, says Disaster Management and Relief Minister Mofazzal Hossain Chowdhury.

“Bhasanchar will be inaugurated by the prime minister. We are ready,” said Chowdhury responding to a question at a media briefing on Cyclone Titli at the Secretariat on Thursday. Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina was expected to inaugurate the project on Oct 4 to accommodate Rohingya temporarily on the island. “But she did not inaugurate it due to her time constraint.”

The Bangladesh Navy is implementing the project under the Prime Minister’s Office at an estimated of Tk 23.12 billion. The project is to be fully completed with the government’s own funds by 2019. The project has completed 80 percent of work so far.

         The Executive Committee of the National Economic Council cleared a project for the construction of homes and other infrastructure for 100,000 forcibly displaced Myanmar nationals on Nov 28 last year.

On Aug 25 last year, the Myanmar army launched a crackdown on the Rohingyas, forcing over 700,000 of the ethnic minority to cross the border and take shelter in overcrowded refugee camps in Cox’s Bazar.  Bhasanchar is 10,000 acres at high tide and 15,000 acres at low tide. No-one lives on the island, which is mostly used for cattle grazing.

In 2013, the area was declared a forest reserve. Motor boats are the only mode of travel to the river islands. Earlier this year, Reuters published a report calling the island dangerous for habitation, saying it was prone to bandit attacks, floods and cyclones. A report from the Bangladesh Forests Division last February also called it unsuitable for habitation.


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Rohingya continue to face global neglect

Rohingya continue to face global neglect

The international community needs to pool up and provide security and opportunities for survival for this long-discriminated community

                      Rohingya Refugee Children playing in the camp in Bangladesh.Image Credit: REUTERS 

By Sajjad Ashraf, Special to Gulf News

Published: 20:23 October 9, 2018

A United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) report presented recently recommends that charges of genocide be brought against the Myanmar military leadership. It urged the UN Security Council to refer the case for trial by The Hague-based International Criminal Court (ICC) or to create a special tribunal like that done for former Yugoslavia or Rwanda. Marzuki Darusman, a former attorney general of Indonesia who headed the three-member reporting panel, said in a statement: “I have never been confronted by crimes as horrendous and on such a scale as these.”

The 444-page report provides the most detailed description of the Rohingya massacres by the Myanmar authorities, which has left more than 10,000 dead and have driven 700,000 Rohingya into neighbouring Bangladesh. The report exposes a high degree of planning and preparation and genocidal intent by the Myanmar military in eliminating the Rohingya from Myanmar and also blames Aung San Suu Kyi, State Counsellor of Myanmar, for not speaking up against the Rohingya persecution. The Myanmar government, instead of repentance, arrested two Reuters journalists for reporting on crimes against Rohingya and then sentenced them to 14 years imprisonment.

The Myanmar representative at the UNHRC said that the report was biased. Two repatriation attempts following the last wave of expulsions in 2017 have fallen flat. Not one Rohingya, fearing for their lives, has returned to Myanmar following the Bangladesh-Myanmar agreement. Similarly, a UN memorandum last May with Myanmar has failed to take off in the absence of guaranteeing citizenship to Rohingya.

For Bangladesh the influx of nearly 700,000 Rohingya, on top of 300,000 who arrived earlier in 1978 and 1991 adds a crushing burden on its economy and disturbs its demographics. It is already the most densely populated country in the world. The dilemma for Bangladesh is that they cannot force the Rohingya back to the place where they do not want to return and where their lives are in danger. Referring the generals to the ICC has its own impediments. Since Myanmar is not a signatory to the ICC, the court does not have jurisdiction over the crimes committed in Myanmar. However, in a landmark case the court ruled in September that as Bangladesh is a signatory to the ICC, the court could pursue justice against the generals for the crimes committed in Bangladesh. The ICC has opened a probe that could lead to formal charges against the perpetrators of crimes against the Rohingya.

Among the Rohingya, children are the biggest victims of this genocide. The UNHCR estimates that children make up 55 per cent of the Rohingya refugee population in Bangladesh. Many children, who were either separated from their families or orphaned due to violence arrived unaccompanied. Many saw their parents and siblings killed in front of them before reaching Bangladesh in a state of destitution. A UNHCR family counting exercise in December 2017 found that more than 5,500 Rohingya families in Bangladesh are led by children under the age of 18. The UNHCR estimates more than half a million children are being denied a chance for proper education. In another report, United Nations International Children Emergency Fund (Unicef) has warned that nearly 400,000 Rohingya refugee children in camps, who are denied education, could become a ‘lost generation’. Fearful of Rohingya becoming a permanent fixture, Bangladesh avoids granting provision of formal education to these destitutes, a Unicef spokesman said. Aid agencies have set up some informal learning centres for children of ages 3 to 14, and older teenagers make use of them. These agencies fear that very soon there will be a large group of disaffected youth that may raise a different set of challenges.

Killings of children

Save the Children Fund (SCF), which has contributed significantly in providing aid to these poor refugees believes that nearly 40 per cent of Rohingya children face stunted growth. Apart from the generally inhospitable conditions in the camps, children are particularly vulnerable to diseases including diarrhoea, respiratory disorders and cholera. Since the children are undernourished they are much more likely to die, sometimes within days of contracting the disease.

Referring to the “indiscriminate extra-judicial killings of the Rohingya children “another report commissioned by the SCF Norway found out that the Myanmar government’s actions in August 2017 constitute violations of at least seven key articles of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child. Even though the aid groups are doing their best, the refugees live in largely squalid, overcrowded camps. For most of the Rohingya refugees, life remains a daily struggle for survival.

“Within Myanmar, the Buddhist majority is so overly polarised againstthe Rohingya that this displaced community can never go back insecurity.”  Sajjad Ashraf

 Within Myanmar, the Buddhist majority is so overly polarised against the Rohingya that this displaced community can never go back and enjoy security and equality. Calling for reprisals against the Myanmar generals and unable to enforce them gives no confidence to the poor refugees. The international community needs to pool efforts and provide security and opportunities for survival for this long-discriminated community. One possible solution could be setting up safe havens in Rakhine state in Myanmar under international military supervision, short of which no Rohingya will return to their homes. It is a call to the conscience of the world community.

Sajjad Ashraf served as an adjunct professor at the Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy, National University of Singapore 2009 to 2017. He was a member of the Pakistan Foreign Service 1973 to 2008 and served as Pakistan’s Consul General in Dubai during the mid-1990s.


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What is Rohingya Crisis – 7,300 views

What is Rohingya Crisis – 7,300 views

Published on Nov 9, 2017

Everything you need to know about Rohingya Crisis in most simplified manner. explained through Animation. for better understanding.
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Support Dhaka on Rohingya crisis

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12:00 AM, October 04, 2018 / LAST MODIFIED: 11:56 PM, October 03, 2018

Support Dhaka on Rohingya crisis

UN chief urges Delhi ; Canada strips Suu Kyi of honorary citizenship

India’s Prime Minister Narendra Modi (R) and U.N. Secretary General Antonio Guterres talk during the closing function of the Mahatma Gandhi International Sanitation Convention in New Delhi, India, October 2, 2018. Photo: Reuters

Star Report

Making a strong pitch for holding those involved in violence against Rohingyasaccountable, UN General Secretary Antonio Guterres has said India can help tackle the crisis by backing Bangladesh in humanitarian assistance and using its influence in Myanmar to bring about reconciliation.

He also said that to keep Rohingyas in such a “discriminatory situation” is “an invitation for terrorist groups” to exploit the situation.  “I have never seen a community so discriminated in the world as Rohingyas,” Guterres, who arrived here on Monday on his maiden visit to India, said in response to a question on the issue after delivering a lecture on ‘Global Challenges, Global Solutions’ in New Delhi on Tuesday night.  “There should be accountability to those crimes,” he said on the treatment meted out to Rohingyas.

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During a question-answer session after his lecture, the UN secretary general said Rohingyas do not have access to health and education and there was a deep-rooted feeling of racism against them within the Myanmarese society.

As an example of this racism, Guterres recalled his visit to Myanmar as the High Commissioner for Refugees, and said that at that time the president of Myanmar had asked him to resettle Rohingyas in some other countries.

“To make them refugees is not my role. My role is to solve the problem of refugees. This shows how deeply-rooted is the negative perception of the Rohingyas. This was intensified by some hate speech by some monks on social media. There are over one million people in Bangladesh. They were people burnt, raped,” he said.

Gueterres said “even if there was a provocation, the reaction of the armed forces was brutal.” He emphasised on political reconciliation so that the Rohingyas could be repatriated to their country. “What can India do? Support Bangladesh in helping these people because there is a huge humanitarian problem. Second, to put pressure on Myanmar, the military in Myanmar for reconciliation and create conditions for these people to go back. These people will not go back in present circumstances,” he said.

During her visit to Myanmar in May this year, Indian External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj had offered to help in safe, speedy and sustainable return of Rohingyas, reports our New Delhi correspondent. India has also been helping Bangladesh in providing humanitarian assistance to Rohingyas.


Canada’s Parliament formally stripped Aung San Suu Kyi of her honorary Canadian citizenship on Tuesday for complicity in the atrocities committed against Myanmar’s Rohingya people. The lower house had already approved a motion to the same effect last week.

The House of Commons granted the privilege to Suu Kyi in 2007, but her international reputation has since been tarnished by her refusal to call on the Myanmar army to put an end to the atrocities committed against the Rohingya.

Canadian lawmakers described the violence against them as a “genocide” in a resolution passed in September.

The ethnic group are treated as foreigners in Myanmar, a country that is more than 90 percent Buddhist. Canada has granted honorary citizenship only to five other personalities, including Nelson Mandela, the Dalai Lama and Malala Yousafzai.


Indian police bused seven Rohingya Muslims to the border yesterday to be deported to neighbouring Myanmar for illegal entry, officials and activists said, the first such move against the community. An estimated 40,000 Rohingya, a stateless Muslim minority, live in India after having fled persecution in Buddhist-majority Myanmar over the years.

The seven men being sent back had been held in prison since 2012 for illegal entry into the country, reports AFP. Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s Hindu nationalist government has described illegal Rohingya immigrants as posing a national security threat, and asked state governments last year to identify and deport them.

Bhaskar Jyoti Mahanta, additional director general of police in the northeastern state of Assam, said that the seven men would be handed over to Myanmar authorities at the border today. “This is a routine procedure, we deport all illegal foreigners,” Mahanta said.

But a UN human rights official said the forcible return of the Rohingya violates international law. “The Indian Government has an international legal obligation to fully acknowledge the institutionalised discrimination, persecution, hate and gross human rights violations these people have faced in their country of origin and provide them the necessary protection,” UN Special Rapporteur on racism, Tendayi Achiume, said in a statement. More than 700,000 Rohingya fled to Bangladesh after an army crackdown in Myanmar a year ago.

Related Topics: UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres, Myanmar Rohingya crisis, The United Nations


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MS. Razia Sultana – The First Rohingya Woman to address The UN Security Council

 Razia Sultana – The First Rohingya Woman to address  The UN Security Council

Raziya Ahmed Mimi
Razia Sultana, a Rohingya lawyer and human rights advocate, was on the Hill on Thursday to call on Canada to push for the designation of a safe zone in Myanmar, where women  won’t have to live under the fear or threat of violence. Female foreign ministers are set to meet in Montreal on Friday to discuss a range of issues affecting women, including gender-based violence and international security. The Hill Times photograph by Andrew Meade
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Genocide, torture and mass rape: Is this the new normal?


Genocide, torture and mass rape: Is this the new normal?


Small children fleeing burning homes being tossed back inside to their deaths by Myanmar Army soldiers; women tied by their hair to trees and brutally and repeatedly raped; landmines deployed at escape routes to villages for dismembering terrified, fleeing citizens; forced labour until exhausted workers are put out of their misery with a gunshot; systematic torture.

Every paragraph of a new 440-page UN report bleeds with myriad incomprehensible horrors endured by the Rohingya people over recent months. “I have never been confronted by crimes as horrendous and on such a scale,” lamented the UN’s chief investigator. Genocide is not a word the UN deploys lightly. Indeed, it steadfastly refused to apply the term for numerous other horrific conflagrations around the world. Yet, when an entire people faces extermination and “the gravest crimes under international law” have been committed, what other label could be legitimately applied?

The UN’s report describes a “toxic command climate” within the Myanmar military, where gruesome, systematic violations were used routinely against defenseless villagers. A death toll of 10,000 killed within a twomonth period was a “conservative” figure. The actual toll is probably several times higher; along with vast numbers of displaced — 750,000 in Bangladesh alone. Rape was deployed with particular regularity and ferocity as a weapon of war: The forests of Rakhine province are littered with the bloodied bodies of murdered women, visibly subjected to severe sexual violence before being slaughtered. Thousands of traumatized women cower in refugee camps, scarcely able to discuss their dehumanizing experiences.

The report calls for military commanders to be prosecuted for crimes against humanity, describing this catastrophe as “planned, foreseeable and inevitable.” The genocide followed a protracted campaign of media demonization, portraying the Rohingya as foreign, subhuman terrorists who stole land.

Facebook came in for particular criticism for hosting a brutal campaign of hate speech and incitement, with the company initially refusing to remove comments calling for the killing of those who cooperated with the UN’s investigation, as such posts “did not contravene Facebook guidelines.” Such horrors may be the tip of the iceberg because the UN research team was banned from entering Myanmar. Two Reuters journalists who reported from

inside the country about arbitrary killings were sentenced this month to seven years in jail, based on concocted evidence. This is how the regime seeks to terrorize and silence those who tell the truth about their murderous campaign. I recall unsuccessfully

seeking to interview Aung San Suu Kyi, seeing her as a human rights heroine who risked everything to resist a terrible military regime. Now she is part of that regime. I appreciate that she enjoys little power compared to the generals who really run Myanmar. However, by engaging in anti-UN conspiracy theories and denying reality, she has made herself an apologist for war crimes, betraying those who looked to her as an evangelist for reform. Suu Kyi’s fall from grace is an appropriate metaphor for how the global cause of human rights has been trodden underfoot in recent years. Countries that once noisily advocated for human rights have today fallen into shame-faced silence.

The collective sense of shame at Europe’s failure to prevent Rwanda’s 1994 genocide was felt so deeply because these atrocities were omnipresent in the media and a constant subject of debate for years afterwards. To be properly aware of the Rohingya genocide in the West today means being one of the small minority who conscientiously read the foreign news sections of high-brow newspapers. There have been some powerful exposes of the Myanmar carnage, but these bring up the rear in a long queue of horrors — Syria, Ukraine, Yemen and a list of African conflicts — that themselves fail to gain meaningful attention.

An additional horror most people haven’t heard of is the plight of the hundreds of thousands of Uighur Muslims herded by the Chinese authorities into re-education camps to eradicate the “virus” of their religious beliefs and cultural practices. While such primitive attempts at brainwashing may have the paradoxical effect of reinforcing the Uighurs’ sense of cultural distinctness, it has been decades since the world has seen such a comprehensive, totalitarian and large-scale attempt to purge an entire culture and religion. As one expert argued, the Uighur ethnic identity has been “singled out as this kind of pathology.”

A tenet of international law is that new legal norms and precedents can become established by nations failing to take action against them. With the Rohingya genocide, the Uighurs’ cultural eradication and the Syrian bloodbath, such abominations are becoming normalized. Meanwhile, the occupant of the White House has nothing but praise for dictators with blood on their hands in North Korea, the Philippines and Russia, while undermining the principal global institutions for justice, peacekeeping and humanitarian aid.

The actions of bloody dictators have always been predicated on what they can get away with, without having their foreign bank accounts frozen or being carted off to The Hague. When the next bouts of mass unrest break out in Tajikistan, Nicaragua, Chad or even China, it will be the precedents of Myanmar and Syria that panicked leaderships anxiously study in order to understand what levels of violence they can deploy without worrying about annoying obstructions from the UN and supposedly civilized nations.

Ladies and gentlemen in governments around the world, and national leaders gathering for the 2018 UN General Assembly, by not taking concrete action against leaderships whose strategies for managing popular strife read like a shopping list of the most abominable crimes against humanity — in Myanmar, Syria and South Sudan — you are today establishing new de facto norms. History is waiting to judge you all. The inconceivable has become routine. Mass rape, genocide, systematic torture, the deliberate slaughter of children: This is the new normal.


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Rape by Command
Pre-planned Expulsion
Witness to horror
The Rohingyas
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